Belgian National Burden of Disease Study

What are the most important diseases in Belgium? Which risk factors contribute most to the overall disease burden? How is the burden of disease evolving over time, and how does it differ across the country? In a context of increasing budgetary constraints, a precise answer to these basic questions is more than ever necessary to inform policy-making.

To address this need, Sciensano is conducting a national burden of disease study. In addition to generating internally consistent estimates of death rate (mortality) or how unhealthy we are (morbidity) by age, sex and region, the burden of disease will also be quantified using Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs). The use of DALY allows to estimate the years of life lost from premature death and years of life lived with disabilities. It therefore permits a truly comparative ranking of the burden of various diseases, injuries and risk factors.

For more info, please visit the BeBOD project page or read the BeBOD protocol.

  Other BeBOD visualisation tools

Estimates of the fatal burden of 131 causes of death

Estimates of the fatal and non-fatal burden of 38 key diseases

BeBOD estimates of the burden of cancer

Our estimates of the burden of cancer in Belgium are based on the official cancer incidence data compiled by the Belgian Cancer Registry. In addition to showing the number of new cancer diagnoses, we also quantify the 10-year prevalence for each cancer site, and measure the non-fatal disease burden in terms of Years Lived with Disability (YLDs). The methodology for generating these estimates is described in Gorasso et al. (2022).

Explore our estimates


Explore trends in the burden of cancer, by age, sex and region.


Sort the different cancer sites by their importance, for different combinations of year, age, sex and region.


Explore and download our estimates of the burden of cancer.

Download all estimates

All estimates can be downloaded in csv format via Zenodo:



Vanessa Gorasso, Robby De Pauw, Leonor Guariguata, Geert Silversmit & Brecht Devleesschauwer. (2023). BeBOD estimates of incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 57 cancer sites, 2004-2021 (v2023-11-17) [Data set]. Zenodo.

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